Fastback: The car body term dates back to before World War
II, when automakers first began optimizing aerodynamics. Long roofs that slope down
to a car's trunk provide several aerodynamic benefits, and eventually such profiles
were called fastbacks. The fastback shape of the Arteon gives it a dynamic and
elegant look among midsize sedans.
Flitzer: The German term for the side badge on a Volkswagen where
the front door line meets the fender.
Greenhouse/Day Light Opening (DLO): The shape and total area of
the glass around a passenger compartment in a vehicle. Owners generally favor open,
airy greenhouses, but too much glass can make for awkward exterior design. Sports
cars often have the smallest DLOs that emphasize performance at the expense of
visibility. The best designs offer a balance between extremes, while panoramic
sunroofs such as the one in the Arteon, add a further dimension.
Joint Line: Any place on a vehicle where two body panels meet.
Joint lines are rarely the centerpiece of a vehicle's design, but they can add or
detract greatly from the overall impression. The joint line where the hood of the
Arteon meets the front wheelarch shows how graceful such seams can be.
Overhang: As seen from the side, the part of the car that extends
ahead and behind of the wheelarches. Classic American cars commonly had a foot or
two of sheetmetal and frame sticking out in front and back. In the modern era,
smaller overhangs have become the more preferred style (and provide more assured
handling, as more of the vehicle's weight lies within the wheelbase).
Power Dome: A term for a hood bulge that gives the impression of
power underneath. Once quite common, the industry has been moving toward flatter
hoods (or even slightly hoods for electric vehicles.) In the Arteon, there's only a
hint of a power dome; instead, the "clamshell" hood creates
its unusual look by stretching the entire width of the car, folding down at the
edges to the wheelarch.
Rake: The angle of the windshield as seen from the side of the
car. The Volkswagen Beetle was a good example of a vehicle with almost no
windshield rake. Modern vehicles have more rake for lower wind noise and better
aerodynamics, although glare can be an issue at too great an angle.
Shoulder: The side curve of a vehicle body, typically above the
wheels. Many vehicles lack shoulders entirely, as the roof and sides meet in one
continuous line. On the Arteon, its shoulders create one of its most distinctive
features around the rear fender and hatch.